JOB STRAIN AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE RISK FACTORS OTHER THAN HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE

Summary of 6 studies from:
Schnall PL, Landsbergis PA, Baker D.
Annual Review of Public Health, 15, 1994, 381-411.

+ 1 newly published study (1994), non-confirmatory
+ 1 older study (1991), confirmatory
(abstracts from 1995 Copenhagen conference not included)

Dependent Variable Design Studies Confirm
Smoking Cross-sectional 7 3
Serum cholesterol Cross-sectional 4 0
Sedentary behavior Cross-sectional 1 1
Body fat distribution Cross-sectional 1 1

LIST OF STUDIES

 
Dependent Variable Design Studies Confirm
Smoking Cross-sectional 7 3

Confirm

81. Mensch, B. S., Kandel, D. B. 1988. Do job conditions influence the use of drugs. J Health Soc Behav 29:169-84.

32. Green, K. L., Johnson, J. V. 1990. The effects of psychosocial work organization on patterns of cigarette smoking among male chemical plant employees. Am J Public Health 80:1368-71.

new. Johansson G, Johnson JV, Hall EM. Smoking and sedentary behavior as related to work organization. Soc Sci Med 1991;32:837-846.

Non-confirm

37. Haratani, T., Kawakami, N., Araki, S. 1992. Job stress and cardiovascular risk factors in a Japanese working population. Presented at the 9th International Symposium on Epidemiology in Occupational Health, Cincinnati, OH.

86. Netterstrom, B., Kristensen, T. S., Damsgaard, M. T., Olsen, O., Sjol, A. 1991. Job strain and cardiovascular risk factors: A cross sectional study of employed Danish men and women. Brit J Ind Med 48:684-89.

90. Pieper, C., LaCroix, A. Z., Karasek, R. A. 1989. The relation of psychosocial dimensions of work with coronary heart disease risk factors: A meta-analysis of five United States data bases. Am J Epidemiol 129:483-94.

new. Alterman T, Shekelle RB, Vernon SW, Burau KD. Decision latitude, psychologic demand, job strain and coronary heart disease in the Western Electric Study. American Journal of Epidemiology 1994;139:620-7. (see note at end)

 
Dependent Variable Design Studies Confirm
Serum cholesterol Cross-sectional 4 0

Non-confirm

37. Haratani, T., Kawakami, N., Araki, S. 1992. Job stress and cardiovascular risk factors in a Japanese working population. Presented at the 9th International Symposium on Epidemiology in Occupational Health, Cincinnati, OH.

86. Netterstrom, B., Kristensen, T. S., Damsgaard, M. T., Olsen, O., Sjol, A. 1991. Job strain and cardiovascular risk factors: A cross sectional study of employed Danish men and women. Brit J Ind Med 48:684-89.

90. Pieper, C., LaCroix, A. Z., Karasek, R. A. 1989. The relation of psychosocial dimensions of work with coronary heart disease risk factors: A meta-analysis of five United States data bases. Am J Epidemiol 129:483-94.

new. Alterman T, Shekelle RB, Vernon SW, Burau KD. Decision latitude, psychologic demand, job strain and coronary heart disease in the Western Electric Study. American Journal of Epidemiology 1994;139:620-7. (see note at end)

 
Dependent Variable Design Studies Confirm
Sedentary behavior Cross-sectional 1 1

Confirm

new. Johansson G, Johnson JV, Hall EM. Smoking and sedentary behavior as related to work organization. Soc Sci Med 1991;32:837-846.

 
Dependent Variable Design Studies Confirm
Body fat distribution Cross-sectional 1 1

Confirm

30. Georges, E., Wear, M. L., Mueller, W. H. 1992. Body fat distribution and job stress in Mexican-American men of the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Am J Human Biol 4:657-67.

Note: In Alterman et al. (1994), while "job strain" was not associated with smoking, smoking was associated with lower demands (p=.058, crude) and lower decision latitude (p<.001, crude). they also used national job title averages (occupational linkage method) rather than self-reported scores.


For more information regarding this site, e-mail us at: cse@workhealth.org

*** This site is best viewed using Internet Explorer 3.0; some other browsers may not support the tables presented on this site***